Spanish Future Tense

The Spanish future tense is usually formed by taking the infinitive form of the verb (e.g. hablar (to talk/to speak), comer (to eat), vivir (to live), etc.) and adding the appropriate endings as follows:

  • Yo (= I)
  • Tú (= You (speaking to 1 friend) -ás
  • Él/Ella/Usted (= He/She/You (speaking to one stranger))
  • Nosotros/Nosotras (= We) -emos
  • Vosotros/Vosotras (= You (speaking to 2(+) friends)) -éis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes (= They/You (speaking to 2(+) strangers)) -án

Therefore hablar’, ‘comer’ and ‘vivir’ are therefore known as the verb stems for forming the future tense.

So by way of example….

  • Hablar = To talk
  • Hablaré = I will talk
  • Hablarás = You will talk (speaking to 1 friend)
  • Hablará = He/She will talk + You will talk (speaking to 1 stranger)
  • Hablaremos = We will talk
  • Hablaréis = You will talk (speaking to 2(+) friends)
  • Hablarán = They will talk + You will talk (speaking to 2(+) strangers)
  • Comer = To eat
  • Comeré = I will eat
  • Comerás = You will eat (speaking to 1 friend)
  • Comerá = He/She will eat + You will eat (speaking to 1 stranger)
  • Comeremos = We will eat
  • Comeréis = You will eat (speaking to 2(+) friends)
  • Comerán = They will eat + You will eat (speaking to 2(+) strangers)
  • Vivir = To live
  • Viviré = I will live
  • Vivirás = You will live (speaking to 1 friend)
  • Vivirá = He/She will live + You will live (speaking to 1 stranger)
  • Viviremos = We will live
  • Viviréis = You will live (speaking to 2(+) friends)
  • Vivirán = They will live + You will live (speaking to 2(+) strangers)

Irregular stems for the Spanish future tense

As discussed the future tense stem is usually the infinitive itself. Unfortunately there are a number of irregular stems for forming the future tense as follows:

  • Verb – Future Stem
  • (To say/To tell: Decir) – Dir
  • (To do/To make: Hacer) – Har
  • (To put: Poner) – Pondr
  • (To want: Querer) – Querr
  • (To be able: Poder) – Podr
  • (To know: Saber) – Sabr
  • (To go out: Salir) – Saldr
  • (To have: Tener) – Tendr
  • (To come: Venir) Vendr

For the above verbs instead of using the infinitive, you use the irregular stem with the normal future endings, for example:

  • Diré = I will say (Not Deciré)
  • Tendremos = We will have (NOT Teneremos)

I hope that the above has helped you to understand how to say the Spanish future and conditional tenses.

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