Spanish Future Tense

The Spanish future tense is usually formed by taking the infinitive form of the verb (e.g. hablar (to talk/to speak), comer (to eat), vivir (to live), etc.) and adding the appropriate endings as follows:

Yo (= I)

(= You (speaking to 1 friend) -ás

Él/Ella/Usted (= He/She/You (speaking to one stranger))

Nosotros/Nosotras (= We) -emos

Vosotros/Vosotras (= You (speaking to 2(+) friends)) -éis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes (= They/You (speaking to 2(+) strangers)) -án

Therefore hablar’, ‘comer’ and ‘vivir’ are therefore known as the verb stems for forming the future tense.

So by way of example….

Hablar = To talk

Hablaré = I will talk

Hablarás = You will talk (speaking to 1 friend)

Hablará = He/She will talk + You will talk (speaking to 1 stranger)

Hablaremos = We will talk

Hablaréis = You will talk (speaking to 2(+) friends)

Hablarán = They will talk + You will talk (speaking to 2(+) strangers)

Comer = To eat

Comeré = I will eat

Comerás = You will eat (speaking to 1 friend)

Comerá = He/She will eat + You will eat (speaking to 1 stranger)

Comeremos = We will eat

Comeréis = You will eat (speaking to 2(+) friends)

Comerán = They will eat + You will eat (speaking to 2(+) strangers)

Vivir = To live

Viviré = I will live

Vivirás = You will live (speaking to 1 friend)

Vivirá = He/She will live + You will live (speaking to 1 stranger)

Viviremos = We will live

Viviréis = You will live (speaking to 2(+) friends)

Vivirán = They will live + You will live (speaking to 2(+) strangers)

Irregular stems for the Spanish future tense

As discussed the future tense stem is usually the infinitive itself. Unfortunately there are a number of irregular stems for forming the future tense as follows:

Verb – Future Stem

(To say/To tell: Decir) – Dir

(To do/To make: Hacer) – Har

(To put: Poner) – Pondr

(To want: Querer) – Querr

(To be able: Poder) – Podr

(To know: Saber) – Sabr

(To go out: Salir) – Saldr

(To have: Tener) – Tendr

(To come: Venir) Vendr

 

For the above verbs instead of using the infinitive, you use the irregular stem with the normal future endings, for example:

  • Diré = I will say (Not Deciré)
  • Tendremos = We will have (NOT Teneremos)

I hope that the above post has helped you to understand how to form the future tense in Spanish. Feel free to get in contact with any questions or to book Spanish lessons with me.

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