Before we go into detail on the Spanish present continuous, let’s discuss what it is.
What is the Spanish present continuous tense?
People use the present continuous tense in Spanish to say what they are doing at that very moment, for example:
- Estoy comiendo = I am eating (= emphasing right now)
As per the example above, there is a real emphasis on the person doing the action there and then.
Do not use the Spanish continuous tense when talking about doing things generally. Instead you should use the present tense, for example:
- Present Tense: Aprendo español = I learn Spanish/I am learning Spanish (= The person is saying that they are learning Spanish over a period of time)
- Continous Present Tense: Estoy aprendiendo español = I am learning Spanish (= The person is emphasising that they are learning Spanish right at that moment).
You need to be able to recognise this tense and be able to use it (especially where a question is given to you in this format).
1. First part – Use the appropriate part of “Estar” (to be)
Estoy = I am
Estás = You are (informal & singular)
Está = He/She is/You are (formal & singular)
Estamos = We are
Estáis = You are (plural & informal)
Están = They are/You are (plural & formal)
2. Second part – Use the appropriate “present participle”
You form the present participle (i.e. the –ing) word. You do this as follows:
For ‘ar’ verbs change the ‘ar’ to ‘ando’ (e.g. hablar (to talk) becomes hablando (talking)).
For ‘er’ verbs change the ‘er’ to ‘iendo’ (e.g. comer (to eat) becomes comiendo (eating))
For ‘ir’ verbs change the ‘ir’ to ‘iendo’ (e.g. vivir (to live) becomes viviendo (living))
3. Third part – Put them together to make your sentence
Estoy viviendo = I am living
Estás comiendo = You are eating
Although we have used the present tense of “estar” above, it is equally possible to use other tenses plus the past participle. By way of example ‘Estaba comiendo’ means ‘I was eating’ (estaba = I was, comiendo = eating).
Irregular present participles
Unfortunately there are some irregular present participles, some of which are follows:
leyendo = reading (leer = to read)
cayendo = falling (caer = to fall)
pedir = to ask for (pidiendo = asking for)
muriendo = dying (morir = to die)
durmiendo = sleeping (dormir = to sleep)
siguiendo = following (seguir = to follow)
diciendo = saying/telling (decir = to say/to tell)
oyendo = hearing (oír = to hear)
incluyendo = including (incluir = to include)
creyendo = believing (creer = to believe)
sintiendo = feeling (sentir = to feel)
Remember that the structure used above is only used to talk about what is being done there and then. Do not use it to talk about things you are doing generally. Instead you should use the normal Present Tense. Any questions? Feel free to get in contact.
I hope that this post has helped you to understand the Present Continuous structure in Spanish. If you have any questions feel free to contact me or if you wish to book Spanish lessons. (More details on my foreign language tuition services can be seen by clicking here).